What we assume about using MRT3 or other metro rail network in Metro Manila is that there are usually two major rush hours, the morning rush hour (6 to 8 AM) and the evening rush hour (5PM to 7PM).

That is basically from our understanding and experiences that people usually come to work early in the morning and return home later in the afternoon.

In this article, we will be exploring the passenger data sourced from a 2014 MRT3 passenger count data.

We will try to examine whether rush hours are consistent between different hours of the day and different days of the week. Also, we will try to list our observations and make some inferences why are they so?

*Future data may not replicate or may not seem similar to the data below. The following visualizations were not modeled to predict or to forecast rush hour times but may serve as a guide for future MRT3 use.

 

MRT3: Hourly vs Daily Passenger Volume (Entry)

Each station’s passenger count data were plotted with its corresponding matrix between the hours of the day and the days of the week.

Each of the columns were the average of all the corresponding data for the whole year of 2014. For example, passenger counts of all data from 8:00 AM – 8:59 AM of all Mondays in the same year (2014) were averaged and represent each bar.

Observations

Monday to Friday

Mondays to Fridays obviously follows the same pattern in every station. Both Saturdays and Sundays behave differently as compared to Mondays to Fridays.

This could simply tell that commuters who use MRT3 are people who normally go to work regularly from Mondays to Fridays.

Most Commuters

Both endpoints of the MRT3 system seems to get the most passenger volume.

North Avenue station in the northern endpoint and Taft station on the southern endpoint receive significant amount of passengers.

Does this imply that the MRT3 needs an extension on both directions?

Should Santolan Station Exist?

If you try to check Santolan station, it barely receives incoming passenger volume at any given time and day.

Were each of the MRT3 station strategically stationed to benefit the majority of the passengers in Metro Manila?

Do you think there are other areas that deserve to have a designated station than the Santolan station?

Late On Monday Mornings

The weekday patterns of passengers coming from the Ayala station seems to be odd on a Monday morning.

Does this show that most passengers from Ayala station are late during Monday mornings?

 

MRT3: Hourly Passenger Volume Per Station (Entry)

On our previous plot, we observed that passenger volume during weekdays from Monday to Friday behave similarly.

The heatmap below compares the passenger volume in each time of the day in every station at a given day (Mon-Fri, Saturday and Sunday).

Notable Rush Hours Per Station

The whole MRT3 system has a capacity of 350,000 passengers per day. If we allocate the total passenger capacity per station at a given time, that would be approximately 1,400 passenger per station per hour. We use this to set a criteria where, in an hour exceeding 1,400 passengers in a station is considered to be a rush hour.

Weekday Rush Hours (Monday – Friday)

  • North Avenue station rush hour typically at around 6AM – 8AM and 10AM – 2PM
  • Cubao station rush hour typically at around 7PM
  • Shaw Boulevard station rush hour typically is at around 6PM – 7PM and 11PM
  • Ayala station rush hour typically is at 7AM and 7PM – 9PM
  • Magallanes station rush hour is at 6AM
  • Taft station rush hour is at 7AM – 12AM, 5PM – 9PM, and 11PM

Saturday Rush Hours

  • North Avenue station rush hour typically at around 7AM – 11AM, and 1PM
  • Quezon Avenue station rush hour typically at 10PM
  • Shaw Boulevard station rush hour typically at 6AM and 11PM
  • Guadalupe station rush hour typically at 6AM and 11PM
  • Magallanes station rush hour typically at 6AM and 10PM
  • Taft station rush hour typically at 5PM to 8PM and 11PM

Sunday Rush Hours

  • Quezon Avenue station rush hour typically at 6AM and 8PM – 11PM
  • Shaw Boulevard station rush hour typically at 6AM
  • Guadalupe station rush hour typically at 10PM
  • Ayala Avenue station rush hour typically at 7AM – 2PM and 11PM
  • Magallanes station rush hour typically at 7AM – 1PM, 3PM and 7PM – 11PM
  • Taft station rush hour typically at 6AM and 11PM

 

Summary

Overall, we have realized that rush hours differ in every station at different days. Monday to Friday recurring patterns between these days seems to correlate with the daily work activities of the commuters. There were also some peculiarities on the uneven distribution of passenger volume in each station.

In the future, we may try to explore the reasons why the volume of passengers are inconsistent between each station. We may also look on the other factors that affect the behavior of passenger. Plotting locations on the map where they reside and where they work might help us further understand these occurrences. Stay tuned!